Solutions for Bikeable and Walkable Communities

A Quick List of Goals and Timeframes for Bike/Ped Committees and ACE Teams

These lists are intended to help you and your committee get started on creating a more walkable and bikeable town or city. This is just a place to begin – this list is not comprehensive or exhaustive. You, as a local resident, have the best sense of what changes will best encourage safe biking and walking. We organize committee goals into three areas: infrastructure projects, programs, and policies.


Short Term

These are projects related to improving infrastructure that you and your committee can take on in less than a year.

  • Review town policies on biking, walking, road and sidewalk improvement
  • Review town plans: Comprehensive plan, Bike/Ped plan, etc.
  • Review local road construction schedule
  • Review the MaineDOT 3-Yeark Workplan
  • Inventory existing bicycle and pedestrian facilities.
  • Advocate for installation of bike racks in key locations
  • Build a mountain bike or walking single-track trail
  • Meet local land managers and stewards
  • Meet the following town officials and invite them to a meeting:
    • Director of Public Works
    • Director of Planning
    • Planning Board Members
    • Town Council Members
  • Conduct a bicycle/walking conditions audit
    • Walkability Checklist
    • Bikeability Checklist
    • Walk-Friendly Community Application
    • Bike-Friendly Community Application
    • Rural Active Living Assessment with your HMP

Medium Term

There are projects that take one to three years to execute

  • Install bike racks in key locations
  • Create a pump track
  • Expand and connect mountain bike trails and walking single-track trails
  • Advocate for:
    • Share the Road or Bikes May Use Full Lane signage.
    • Bike Route Signage.
    • Wider Shoulders
    • Narrower Travel Lanes
    • Bike Lanes and Shared Use Markings
    • A Multi Use Path
    • Sidewalks
    • Crosswalks (raised, lighted, textured etc)
    • Back-in Diagonal Parking


These are projects that take three to five years, sometimes even more, to design and construct.

  • Put problem streets on a “road diet” to shrink travel lanes and dedicated more road space for biking and walking.
  • Create a Pocket Park – benches and green space encourage walking and exercise
  • Create Wider Shoulders
  • Create Narrower Travel Lanes
  • Create Bike Lanes and Shared –Lane Markings
  • Create A Multi-Use Path
  • Create Sidewalks
  • Create Crosswalks (raised, lighted, textured etc)
  • Create Back-In Diagonal Parking
  • Create Pedestrian/Bicycle Traffic Signals


Short Term

These are things that you and your committee can take on in less than a year that will help foster programs that encourage physical activity like biking and walking.

  • Meet the following stakeholders and invite them to a meeting:
    • Director of Parks and Recreation
    • Chief of Police
    • Healthy Maine Partnerships Staff
  • Contact BCM for Maine Bicycle and Pedestrian Safety Education Programming:
    • Presentations in Schools
    • Bicycle Rodeo
    • After School Bike Clubs
    • Presentations at Community Events
  • Contact the Safe Routes to School Staff to explore:
    • Walking maps for students
    • Bike-and-walk to school events
    • Walking School Bus programs and bike trains
    • School siting policy 

Medium Term

There are programs that require longer lead-time, with 1-3 years to execute.

  • Contact BCM for training for local Law Enforcement Staff
  • Work with police department on enforcement issues:
    • Speeding
    • 3 foot passing
    • Stopping at crosswalks
  • Coordinate After Work Bike Clubs
  • Coordinate bicycle camps, rides and education offered through municipal recreation departments


These are safety, enforcement, or encouragement programs that are long-term or ongoing efforts.

  • Create a Bicycle Law Offenders Diversion Program
  • Conduct regular traffic obedience stings
  • Incorporate bicycle and pedestrian safety education as part of annual school curriculum.
  • Regular bike/ped safety events including public safety staff.


Short Term

These are documents you can review and key decision-makers you can meet in the realm of local and regional policy-making.

  • Review town policies on biking, walking, road and sidewalk improvement
  • Review maintenance policies on: plowing, paving, street-cleaning, re-striping, etc.
  • Review municipal and regional plans: Comprehensive plan, bike/ped plan, downtown plan, etc.
  • Review zoning and sub-division ordinances
  • If you live in an unorganized territory, reach out to the Land Use Planning Commission (LUPC) to learn more about the decision-making process.
  • Meet the following municipal staff and elected officials and invite them to a meeting:
    • Director of Public Works
    • MPO or RPO Staff
    • Director of Planning
    • School Superintendent and principals
    • HMP Staff
    • Chief of Police
    • County Sherriff
    • Town Councilors/ Selectmen
    • Planning Board Members
    • Other municipal committee-members such as parks and recreation, transportation

Medium Term

Passing or amending policies that encourage biking and walking should begin with research and networking with key players.

  • Advocate for a Complete Streets Policy
  • Work with the Safe Routes To School Staff to:
    • Create a school Travel Plan
    • Create a school policy encouraging biking/walking.
    • Improve School Siting Policy
  • Begin a comprehensive planning process or a process to update an existing plan
  • Work with police department to implement routine enforcement measures on:
    • Speeding
    • 3 foot passing
    • Stopping at crosswalks


  • Create or update bicycle and pedestrian components in the town comprehensive plan.
  • Pass a “Complete Streets” policy and create an implementation process.
  • Advocate for Speed Limit changes (need DOT approval).
  • Create a shoulder repaving policy.
  • Create a sidewalk construction policy and schedule
  • Create or update maintenance policies and schedules for sidewalk clearing, construction, etc.